TOP 10 EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES IN THE 21ST CENTURY
Internet of Things (IoT)
IoT is the interconnection via the Internet of computing devices embedded in everyday objects, enabling them to send and receive data. It is a system of interrelated computing devices, mechanical and digital machines, objects, animals or people that are provided with unique identifiers (UIDs) and the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction.
IoT has wide applications in smart homes, agriculture, transportation, military, manufacturing, medical and healthcare.
The central functions (or goals) of AI research include reasoning, knowledge, planning, learning, natural language processing (communication), perception and the ability to move and manipulate objects.
Serverless or Cloud Computing
This can be described as pay-as-you-go computing or bare-code as you are charged based solely upon the time and memory allocated to run your code; without associated fees for idle time.
Immediate cost benefits are related to the lack of operating systems costs, including: licences, installation, dependencies, maintenance, support, and patching.
Virtual Reality (VR)/Augmented Reality (AR)
Virtual Reality (VR)/Augmented Reality (AR)Virtual Reality technology immerses users in a completely virtual environment that is generated by a computer. The most advanced VR experiences even provide freedom of movement – users can move in a digital environment and hear sounds. Moreover, special hand controllers can be used to enhance VR experiences.
With VR, users experience artificial sounds and sights and feel as if they’re in a digital world. Imagine opening your eyes and seeing a computer-generated world all around you; you can move in this environment and even interact with it. That’s what virtual reality is like. Special VR headsets are used to immerse users in virtual reality.
In Augmented Reality, users see and interact with the real world while digital content is added to it. If you own a modern smartphone, you can easily download an AR app and try this technology. There’s a different way to experience augmented reality, though – with special AR headsets, such as Google Glass, where digital content is displayed on a tiny screen in front of a user’s eye.
In other words, if you see the real world supplemented with digital objects, that’s AR. Imagine you want to buy a piece of furniture – a chair, for example. Augmented reality technology can help you check how different chairs will look in your room and pick the one that fits best.
VR and AR are widely used in gaming industry. It is gradually finding new applications in movie and entertainment industry, education, communication, real estate, healthcare, marketing/advertising, travel industry, manufacturing, etc.
Blockchain technology can be integrated into multiple areas. The primary use of blockchains today is as a distributed ledger for cryptocurrencies, smart contracts, financial services, supply chain logistics and supply chain management.
More traditional means of access control include token-based identification systems, such as a driver's license or passport, and knowledge-based identification systems, such as a password or personal identification number (PIN). Since biometric identifiers are unique to individuals, they are more reliable in verifying identity than token and knowledge-based methods.
Biometric identifiers are the distinctive, measurable characteristics used to label and describe individuals. Biometric identifiers are often categorized as physiological versus behavioural characteristics. Physiological characteristics are related to the shape of the body. Examples include, but are not limited to fingerprint, palm veins, face recognition, DNA, palm print, hand geometry, iris recognition, retina and odour/scent. Behavioural characteristics are related to the pattern of behaviour of a person, including but not limited to typing rhythm, gait, and voice. Some researchers have coined the term behavioumetrics to describe the latter class of biometrics.
Biometrics—including face, fingerprint, and retina scans—is becoming mainstream methods for verifying identity. These methods will form the secure foundation for solutions delivered by IT companies moving forward.